Bible Study Lessons

Jesus: Savior for Sinners

Introduction

"Did you hear that Dr. Carrol has announced that he will pay the fine for the student who defaced his office if they will only come to him and confess what they've done and promise to never do it again?" The words shared by a college student with her roommate intended to provoke a response of wonder or indignation only produced silence, and, on closer examination, tears. "Why, what's wrong, Darlene? I didn't intend to make you cry, though I agree it's a kind assurance and I'm sure Dr. Carrol means every word of it." After more silence to gain her composure, Darlene hesitantly began. "Charmaine, I was the one who did it. I was angry about the grade he gave me and have felt bad about it ever since. "I didn't feel I could admit it, though, since I couldn't pay the fine and knew I'd never be able to stand up to the ridicule of the other students. But if he's promised to forgive me and pay the fine, I guess I'll go tell him." Perhaps you've had a similar experience - longing for the freedom to confess and turn but not knowing if you'd be forgiven. In Mark 2:13-17 Jesus offers to forgive those who will admit that they are sinners needing His forgiveness and repent of their sin. Study the passage to understand why Jesus loves repentant sinners but resists those who claim self-righteousness in pride.

Observation

Pray

Before you study His Word, ask God to prepare your heart to receive it and ask Him to give you good understanding and a willingness to change based on what He shows you.

Read Focus Verses

Read Mark 2:13-17 and notice the different kinds of people which are mentioned in these verses.

Who?

What are some of the different kinds of people mentioned in these verses?

Where?

What different locations are mentioned in this passage?

Verse 13

What happens in verse 13?

Levi

What does verse 14 tell us about Levi?

Called

What did Jesus say to Levi?

Response

What was Levi's response to Jesus' call?

Dinner

What does verse 15 tell us about the dinner mentioned?

Criticism

Who criticizes Jesus in verse 16?

For What

Why do they criticize Him?

Reply

What is Jesus' reply in verse 17?

In Your Words

How would you retell the story in today's passage to a child?

Keywords - Jesus Christ

Jesus is the main character in these verses. Marking His Name will emphasize this.

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Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ

Mark the words naming or referring to Jesus in Mark 2:13-17.

Interpretation

Teaching…Again

As today's passage opens, we see Jesus teaching again. Look back to Mark 1:14-15 and see that Jesus' ministry opened with Him teaching.

With Authority

Just a few verses later in Mark 1:21-22, we see Jesus teaching on the Sabbath day.

That's Why I'm Here

In Mark 1:38-39 Jesus clarifies that this was His purpose.

So Many

Even in Mark 2:2 when there were so many people gathered that there wasn't room for any more, He was preaching to them.

Message

What was Jesus' message according to these verses?

Importance

Romans 10:13-17 explains the importance of speaking God's Word, sharing the gospel.

Reason

Why was Jesus so focused on teaching and preaching based on what Romans 10:13-17 says?

Parallel

Luke 5:27-32 tells us some different details about the story in today's passage which helps us understand what happened even better.

Additions

What are some additional details Luke recorded that help us understand what happened?

Another Name

In Matthew 9:9 we see that Levi had another name.

Levi = Matthew

What was Levi's other name?

Book of the Bible

Which book of the Bible did this disciple write? (Hint: it is called by his name and talks about Jesus.)

Amazing

That God used Matthew to write one of the books of the Bible is amazing when we look at how the religious leaders of his day viewed him. What did the scribes and Pharisees say about Levi/Matthew and his friends in verse 16 of today's passage?

Tax Collectors

Tax collectors, also called publicans, were despised as thieves and political (even religious) traitors. This post explains why.

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Hated

Why were publicans so hated?

Another Publican

We see Jesus reaching out to another publican in Luke 19:1-10.

What Happened

Jesus called these men while they were sinners. But in both stories - with Matthew and Zacchaeus - what happened after Jesus called them?

Same Call

We see Jesus giving the same call to Levi as He gave to Peter and Andrew in Mark 1:16-20 and getting the same response.

Explanation

1 Corinthians 6:9-11 explains how this works.

Calling Sinners

How does it work for Jesus to call sinners to be His disciples?

Pharisees

In stark contrast to the publicans were the Pharisees. In Mark 7:6-9 we see the heart of the problem with the Pharisees.

The Problem

What does Mark 7:6-9 tell us about the way the Pharisees treated God's Word?

God's Word vs. Traditions

As you check out this quick summary of who the Pharisees (and Sadducees who we'll run into later in Mark) were, keep in mind what Jesus said - the Pharisees rejected God's Word whenever their traditions disagreed with it and said traditions had equal authority to God's Word.

A Contrast

In Luke 18:9-14 Jesus tells us a story that shows how much better the Pharisees thought they were than the publicans and how God disagreed with them.

God's Perspective

Matthew 21:28-32 tells us God's perspective on the two groups and their contrasting responses to Jesus.

God's Love

In Luke 15 Jesus tells us three beautiful short stories that illustrate how much God delights to save those others reject despite the anger of those who considered themselves righteous.

Humble or Proud

Psalm 138:6 explains God's character as it relates to these groups of people - those who ask for His mercy and those who think they're good enough on their own.

Wonder

Isaiah 66:1-2 clarifies that even though God is great, He loves the humble.

About God

What do these verses tell us about God?

Responding Rightly

James 4:6-10 tells us how to respond in light of these truths about God.

And So…

According to James 4:6-10, how should we respond because God loves the humble and resists the proud?

Unclean

Isaiah 64:6 is a sobering explanation for why God resists those who think they are righteous on their own.

All

Romans 3:10-12 is very clear.

If…

In 1 John 1:8-10 we see the seriousness of claiming self-righteousness and the blessed alternative.

False Claim

What does God say about those who claim they are righteous on their own and are not sinners?

Alternative

What does God point out as the alternative?

Promise

What does God promise to those who confess their sins by agreeing with Him about them and asking for mercy according to these verses and the stories you read that Jesus told?

How?

1 John 2:1-2 explains how God can forgive justly those who confess their sin.

Wages

Romans 6:23 explains why death is part of the equation.

Christ for Us

Romans 5:6-8 explains why those who repent and trust in Christ don't have to die the death they deserve.

Just Forgiveness

How does God explain that He can justly forgive sinners who repent and turn to Jesus Christ?

A Call

Back in today's passage, notice that Jesus says He came to call sinners to repentance. Read again the first words Mark records Jesus saying in Mark 1:14-15 and notice the theme.

Repentance

Easton's Bible Dictionary says that repentance has four parts: 1. a true sense of one’s own guilt and sinfulness; 2. an apprehension of God’s mercy in Christ; 3. an actual hatred of sin and turning from it to God; and 4. a persistent endeavor after a holy life in a walking with God in the way of his commandments.

That's Why He Came

1 Timothy 1:15 takes the fear out of admitting we are sinners and repenting.

Savior

Titus 2:13-14 echoes the message by calling Jesus Christ our Savior - a Savior must save from something.

Ready to Repent

How do these verses assure us and give us boldness to admit we are sinners and repent of our sins and turn to Christ?

Come, Ye Sinners

This beautiful hymn speaks of the truths we find in today's passage. Notice especially the reference to it in the third verse. Come, ye sinners, poor and needy, Weak and wounded, sick and sore, Jesus ready stands to save you, Full of pity, love and power. He is able, He is willing, doubt no more! Let not conscience let you linger, Nor of fitness fondly dream; All the fitness he requireth Is to feel your need of him. This he gives you, 'Tis the Spirit's glimmering beam. Come ye weary, heavy laden, Bruised and mangled by the fall; If you tarry till you're better, You will never come at all. Not the righteous, Sinners Jesus came to call. Lo! the incarnate God, ascended, Pleads the merit of His blood; Venture on Him, venture wholly; Let no other trust intrude: None but Jesus, Can do helpless sinners good. Joseph Hart

Join Him

We saw earlier that when Jesus called disciples, He called them to join Him in fishing for men. Mark 16:15 clarifies this.

Promises

In Matthew 28:18-20 Jesus gives special promises to encourage Christians in this task.

Call

Once a person has repented and turned to God through Christ, what are they supposed to do?

About Jesus

What does it tell us about Jesus that He was willing to reach out with compassion and hope to those who were despised by others even though He was criticized for it?

About Christians

Since Christians are supposed to be like Jesus, what kind of people does today's passage tell us they should try to reach?

Once More

Read Mark 2:13-17 once more in light of what you've studied from God's Word.

Meaning

Earlier you retold the story of this passage in your own words. Now explain its significance and meaning in your own words making sure to be clear about how it should impact our lives.

Application

Proud

The Pharisees were proud and thought that they were good enough for Jesus to associate with and righteous enough for God to accept. Do you find this kind of attitude in your own heart? Do you struggle to admit your sin? How does today's study challenge you in that?

Humble

Have you humbled yourself to agree with God about your sin, repenting and asking Him to forgive you for Jesus' sake because He died and rose for you? If so, is there sin in your life you need to humbly admit and repent of? If not, will you call on Him today? God promises to save all who truly call on Him.

Call

If you have repented of your sin and trusted in Christ, are you calling others to do the same and sharing the gospel that Jesus came to forgive them?

Sinners

Are you willing to show compassion to people that others consider below you to share the good news that God loves them and wants to save them even if people mock you for it? Who does God want you to show the love of Christ to today?

Wrapup

Closing

We hope this study has helped you understand Jesus as the Savior for sinners and challenged you to respond not in prideful self-righteousness, but in humble repentance so that Jesus can forgive you and heal your heart.

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